Within three months, many mobile applications lose 70 percent of their users. In discussions about the future of mobile, it’s common to hear that “ultimately, all mobile applications will be iOS or Android.”
However, many of these opponents have a strong interest in the survival of native mobile applications.
Understanding Web App Use Cases
Your web and native use cases will sometimes be out of sync. While your web app will have the same look, feel, and functionality as its native equivalent, it will be tailored to web users and their unique needs.
With the objectives and context for both user bases in mind, you might create the web app in a somewhat different way.
The additional screen space available on a web app vs. a native app is one obvious distinction between the two. That gives you more room to play about with. Because of the extra area, you may be able to engage with features more deeply than you could in your native app.
It could also free up space for a new navigation scheme, with more graphic components, bigger elements, or more material overall. While a web app gives you more screen space, utilizing it is just as important as in the smaller, native app. Examine what information you provide “above the fold” and ensure your user receives a clear call to action.
As you transition from a native app to a web app, you’ll likely find yourself in this predicament. You’ll need to identify which of your present native app’s characteristics should be changed to the network based on your user study. Your use cases will also show you how to improve your design, cross-platform experience, and backend architecture in the future.
Aspects of the Design
It would help to consider a few frequent challenges as you construct your design. These issues might be categorized into several parts of the strategy. The following section gives you a quick overview of each of the topics:
Processing of Requests for Applications
A Web application may handle requests in two ways at a higher level. The browser interacts with the server mainly via Web Forms postbacks when utilizing the postback technique. The RESTful approach streamlines the transmission of service requests between browsers and servers. Your choice may influence how you solve the design concerns below. Streamlining and decentralizing are both advantageous.
When choosing a request processing technique, think about how much control you need over your app’s UI, how you plan to build and test it, and how much speed and scalability you need.
For the security and dependability of your application, you must develop an efficient authentication approach. A lack of authentication can lead to various attacks, including spoofing, dictionary attacks, session hijacking, and more.
Authorization determines which tasks an authenticated identity can do and which resources may be accessed. For the security and dependability of your application, you must create an effective authorization approach. Improper authorization leads to data manipulation, information leakage, and privilege elevation. The main security approach to apply to your application’s authorization strategy is defense in depth.
You should utilize caching to optimize reference data lookups, save network round trips, and eliminate unnecessary and redundant processing. Before implementing caching, you must decide when to load data into the cache. Try loading cache data asynchronously or via a batch process to avoid client latency.
For the security and dependability of your application, you must develop an effective exception handling approach. Correct exception handling in your Web pages protects sensitive exception data from being shown to the user, increases application resilience, and prevents your application from being inconsistent in the case of an issue.
Instrumentation and logging
Developing an emergent logging and instrumentation approach is imperative for the security and authenticity of your application. Throughout the layers of your application, you must audit and record activities. These logs may be utilized to spot abnormal behavior, which can provide early warning signs of a system attack and handle repudiation threats, in which users deny their conduct.
Isolate your navigation policy from the processing logic while designing it. Users should swiftly move across your screens or pages if they choose this strategy. An application’s navigation structure will reduce user confusion and the program’s perceived complexity.
Design your program to separate the page layout and individual UI components and UI processing. Consider whether designers or developers will build the layout when adopting a layout technique. Choose a layout method that does not involve coding or development-focused tools if designers create the layout.
Rendering of Pages
When designing for page rendering, make sure that the pages are rendered quickly and that the interface is easy to use. When planning a page-rendering approach, keep the following criteria in mind.
An active and secure session management approach is required while developing a Web application for performance and dependability. Session management issues such as what to save, where to store it, and how long information will be maintained must be considered.
It would help to outline a reasonable validation solution for your application’s security and authenticity. A cross-site scripting, SQL injection, buffer overflow, and other types of input assaults may all be made possible by improper or poor validation.