India- United Kingdom Virtual Summit : Step-3
Why in discussion?
Current Affairs May-2021, Recently the Union Cabinet has approved the allocation of additional food grains for two months (May and June 2021) to the beneficiaries of the National Food Security Act (NFSA) under the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana (Phase-3).
The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister has extended the allocation of additional foodgrains for two months (May and June 2021) for the beneficiaries of the National Food Security Act (NFSA) under the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana (Phase-3). Under this, 5 kg food grains are given free per person per month to about 79 crore 88 lakh beneficiaries under the National Food Security Act.
The Government of India says that this additional allocation will reduce the difficulties faced by the poor due to economic stagnation caused by the corona virus.
Additionally, in the coming two months, no poor family will have to face crisis due to non-availability of food grains.
Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana (PMGKAY)
The Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalan Anna Yojana (Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana- PMGKAY) was approved by the Government of India in March 2020 to address the challenges of the Kovid-19 epidemic.
In fact, the scheme was launched as a part of ‘Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Package-PMGKP’.
Under the ‘Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana’ (PMGKAY), every person is provided free grain in addition to the 5 kg subsidized food grains provided under the ‘National Food Security Act- NFSA’.
This quantity of extra free grain is 5 kg.
Prime Minister’s Poor Welfare Package (PMGKP)
The Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Package-PMGKP was launched in March 2020 by the Government of India to address the challenges of the Kovid-19 epidemic. There are three schemes under this-
Insurance scheme for health workers
Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana
Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana
What is the National Food Security Act 2013 and its current criteria?
The National Food Security Act (NFSA), 2013 aims to provide food and nutritional security in the human life-cycle approach by providing people with adequate amounts of good quality food grains at affordable prices to lead a dignified life.
The eligible person is provided 5 kg of food grains per person per month at affordable prices of Rs. 3 / 2/1 per kg of rice / wheat / coarse grains respectively. Existing Antyodaya Anna Yojana families, which include the poorest people, are provided 35 kg of food grains per family per month.
Currently, the population covered under NFSA-
75 percent of the rural population,
50 percent of the urban population,
About 67 percent of the total population of the country.
Currently under NFSA-
In the families covered under Antyodaya Anna Yojana (about 2.37 crore families or 9.01 crore persons), 35 kg of foodgrains is given per month to each.
Whereas 5 kg of food grains per person per month are given to priority families (about 70.35 crore persons).
NITI Aayog recommendation related to NFSA
The NITI Aayog had a few days ago recommended reducing this existing rural and urban coverage from 75 percent and 50 percent to 60 percent and 40 percent respectively under NFSA.
According to the NITI Aayog, doing so could lead to an estimated annual savings of up to Rs 47,229 crore in subsidy expenses. Read more current affair click here
India-United Kingdom Virtual Summit : Daily Current Affairs
A virtual summit has recently been held between the Prime Minister of India and the Prime Minister of the UK, which has been named the India- United Kingdom Virtual Summit.
It is noteworthy that India and the United Kingdom (or Britain) have had friendly relations for a long time.
Additionally, the two countries share a strategic partnership based on mutual commitment to democracy, fundamental freedoms and the rule of law, strong reciprocities and ever-increasing cohesion.
‘Roadmap 2030’ (Roadmap 2030)
An ambitious ‘Roadmap 2030’ was adopted at the India-United Kingdom Virtual Summit to enhance bilateral relations between the two countries to form a Comprehensive Strategic Partnership.
This roadmap will pave the way for deeper and stronger engagement between people of the two countries in key areas such as trade and economy, defense and security, climate action and health over the next ten years.
Mutual support in Kovid-19 epidemic
Politicians from both countries also discussed mutual cooperation in the fight against the current situation of the Kovid-19 epidemic.
It is noteworthy that the second wave of the Kovid-19 epidemic is going on in India, in which the United Kingdom has greatly assisted India.
‘Advanced Business Partnership’ (ETP)
The two Prime Ministers have set an ambitious target of more than doubling bilateral trade by the year 2030, while unlocking the potential for trade between the world’s fifth and sixth largest economies. For this, ‘Advanced Business Partnership’ (ETP) will be launched.
As a part of the ‘Advanced Business Partnership’ (ETP), India and the United Kingdom have also agreed on a roadmap to negotiate a comprehensive and balanced FTA (Free Trade Agreement).
It is noteworthy that the ‘Advanced Business Partnership’ (ETP) between India and the United Kingdom will generate thousands of direct and indirect jobs in both countries.
‘Global Innovation Partnership’
India and the United Kingdom have also announced a ‘Global Innovation Partnership’ at this virtual summit.
It aims to provide the necessary support in transferring inclusive Indian innovations to select developing countries. Africa will start in this direction.
It is noteworthy that the UK is India’s second largest partner in the field of research and innovation cooperation.
A Comprehensive Partnership on Migration and Movement
India and the United Kingdom have launched a ‘Comprehensive Partnership on Migration and Movement’ which will provide more opportunities for student and professional movement between the two countries.
Cooperation in other areas
The two sides have agreed to increase mutual cooperation on new and emerging technologies, including digital and ICT products, and work towards strengthening the supply chain.
Both sides also agreed to strengthen defense and security ties including maritime sector, counter terrorism and cyberspace sector, etc.
Additionally, there is agreement on each other’s cooperation in the Indo-Pacific and G-7.
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